Eye Care

Regular eye exams are a key to good vision. During an exam, an eye doctor can tell you if you need glasses. They can also find eye diseases early, when treatment is most effective.

The American Academy of Ophthalmology and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that children have their eyes checked by a pediatrician at the following ages:

  • Newborn. All babies should have their eyes checked for infections, defects, cataracts, or glaucoma before leaving the hospital. This is especially true for premature babies, babies who were given oxygen for an extended period, and babies with multiple medical problems.
  • By 6 months of age. As part of each well-child visit,eye health, vision development, and alignment of the eyes should be checked.
  • Starting at 1 to 2 years. Photo screening devices can be used to start detecting potential eyes problems.
  • At 3 to 4 years. Eyes and vision should be checked for any abnormalities that may cause problems with later development.
  • At 5 years and older. Vision in each eye should be checked separately every year. If a problem is found during routine eye exams, your child's doctor may have your child see a pediatric eye specialist (ophthalmologist) who is an eye doctor trained and experienced in the care of children's eye problems.

People with diabetes should have a yearly dilated eye exam.

People with a higher risk for glaucoma should have a dilated eye exam every 2 years. They include:

  • African Americans 40 years and older
  • All adults older than 60
  • People with a family history of glaucoma

If you notice any eye problems, don't wait. Visit your eye doctor right away. 

For more eye care information, including helpful videos, click here


Eye Care Resources

Vision Health Initiative (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Vision and Eye Health (New York State Department of Health)

Keep Your Eyes Healthy (National Eye Institute)


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